You must file the record on appeal , or a Certificate in Lieu of the Record , with the clerk of the appellate court within 63 days of filing the Notice of Appeal. You must pay for the costs that come with preparing the record on appeal unless the appellate court waives these costs.
You will also need to send a written notice to the other parties in the case to let them know you have filed the record.
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You must also file a proof of service which lets the court know that you gave notice of the filing to the other parties in the case or their lawyers. The common law record and report of proceedings make up all the facts the appellate court can look at when deciding your appeal. The record on appeal must include everything that was in the circuit court file. This includes transcripts prepared by a court reporter. This report must be made by someone who was at the hearings.
Civil procedure in the United States
You will need to give this report to the circuit clerk within 28 days of filing the Notice of Appeal. The agreed statement of facts is a statement of facts material to the case, agreed to by all of the parties. You do not need to submit it to the circuit clerk for certification. If something is missing from the record, ask the court clerk for the missing information.
File a motion with the clerk of the appellate court asking permission to add things to the record. You cannot just attach the extra material to your brief. Nothing can be included in the record that was not part of your original case. After you file the record on appeal, you need to check the record again. You will use the record to make citations in your brief.
When you talk about something in your brief, you need to cite to the record page number. That way the court can locate the exact page in the record when they read your brief. You need to cite to the record in your brief every time you talk about what happened in your case.
You can also ask the circuit court to give you a Certificate in Lieu of the Record. Then, you can file the certificate instead of the actual record. This allows you to keep the record with you while you write your brief. This makes it easier for you to cite the record when you prepare your brief. If you do this, you must deliver the record to the appellate court when you file your brief. You must file your opening brief with the clerk of the appellate court no more than 35 days after you file the record on appeal. You must follow these rules when preparing your brief:.
There are rules for preparing briefs on appeal. The Checklist for Filings in the Appellate Court lists those requirements. You must file 9 copies of the brief with the clerk of the appellate court. You must also serve 3 copies on any other party.
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All filed briefs need a proof of service attached to the back of the brief. Service is a way of delivering your brief to the other party so that the court has documentation of this event. The appellee must also follow these rules when preparing their brief:. The appellee must file 9 copies of the brief with the clerk of the appellate court. The appellee must also serve 3 copies on any other party.
All filed briefs need a Proof of Service attached to the back of the brief. You may file a reply brief no more than 14 days after the appellee files their brief.
The following rules apply:. Unlike your opening brief, you can only make arguments in your reply brief. These arguments will usually argue against what the appellee wrote in their brief. The appellate court decides whether oral argument is needed in a case. Oral arguments are when parties go before the three judges that make up the appeals court and argue for their case. The judges will usually ask questions during oral arguments.
Stages in the Criminal Process
If the appellate court decides to hear oral argument, the appellate court clerk will notify the parties of the date and time of the hearing. The appellate court clerk will send a Notice of Decision to tell you when the court makes its decision. You will be able to pick up a copy of the decision from the clerk. If you lose and the appellate court decided your criminal conviction was proper, you can fight the decision in the following ways:.
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You ask for a rehearing by filing a petition. In the petition, you must describe the errors that you think the appellate court made. You must file nine copies of the petition with the clerk of the appellate court. You must also send three copies to each of the other parties. All filed petitions need a proof of service attached to the back of the petition.
Alternates are present for the entire trial but do not take part in deliberating the case and deciding the verdict unless one or more of the impaneled jurors are removed from the jury. In Connecticut, alternate jurors are dismissed before the panel of sworn jurors begin deliberation. Connecticut General Statutes 51— e and h do not allow alternate jurors to be segregated from the regular sworn jurors.
In civil cases in Connecticut, C. When an insufficient number of summoned jurors appear in court to handle a matter, the law in many jurisdictions empowers the jury commissioner or other official convening the jury to involuntarily impress bystanders in the vicinity of the place where the jury is to be convened to serve on the jury.
The modern jury evolved out of the ancient custom of many ancient Germanic tribes whereby a group of men of good character was used to investigate crimes and judge the accused. The same custom evolved into the vehmic court system in medieval Germany. In Anglo-Saxon England, juries investigated crimes. After the Norman Conquest , some parts of the country preserved juries as the means of investigating crimes. The use of ordinary members of the community to consider crimes was unusual in ancient cultures, but was nonetheless also found in ancient Greece.
The modern jury trial evolved out of this custom in the midth century during the reign of Henry II. Called juries of presentment, these men testified under oath to crimes committed in their neighbourhood. The Assize of Clarendon in caused these juries to be adopted systematically throughout the country.
The jury in this period was "self-informing," meaning it heard very little evidence or testimony in court. Instead, jurors were recruited from the locality of the dispute and were expected to know the facts before coming to court. The source of juror knowledge could include first-hand knowledge, investigation, and less reliable sources such as rumour and hearsay.
Between and new procedures including a division of functions between the sheriff, the jury of local men, and the royal justices ushered in the era of the English Common Law. Sheriffs prepared cases for trial and found jurors with relevant knowledge and testimony.