The long-standing view has been that the first several years of elementary school should be devoted to basic reading skills. History, science, and the arts can wait. The federal No Child Left Behind legislation, enacted in , only intensified the focus on reading. The statute required states to administer annual reading and math tests to students in grades three through eight and once in high school, and attached hefty consequences if schools failed to boost scores.
The law that replaced No Child Left Behind—the Every Student Succeeds Act, enacted in —has eased the consequences but has hardly weakened the emphasis on testing. Since , the curriculum in many elementary schools has narrowed to little more than a steady diet of reading and math. And when test scores fail to rise after third grade—as they often do, especially in high-poverty schools—subjects like history and science may continue to be relegated to the far back burner through middle school. To some extent, it does make sense to focus on reading skills in the early years.
One component of reading is, like math, primarily a set of skills: the part that involves decoding, or making connections between sounds and the letters that represent them. But educators have also treated the other component of reading—comprehension—as a set of skills, when in fact it depends primarily on what readers already know. What inferences can you make? Rarely do the topics connect: Students might read a book about bridges one day, zebras the next, and clouds the day after that. One of those cognitive scientists spoke on the Tuesday panel: Daniel Willingham, a psychology professor at the University of Virginia who writes about the science behind reading comprehension.
He has lived near the Mississippi River for almost twenty years but only swam in it once. His favorite river is the Wabash. His character Glenn Ganges is based on his brother-in-law and the name is a reference to two separate towns that appear on the same sign on the interstate. She lived in the Bay Area for 11 years before moving to Minnesota to join the faculty at University of Minnesota, Morris as assistant professor of English, creative writing, and environmental literature.
She lives in Morris and in Minneapolis. Thanks for supporting comics and your local independent bookstore! Reading with Megan Marsnik. The story of one passionate immigrant woman and her journey through the birth of the labor movement on the Iron Range of Northern Minnesota. Soon she finds herself on the rough and tumble Iron Range in northern Minnesota, where she joins a community of poor immigrant workers brutally exploited by the mine bosses.
When the workers strike, Katka must convince the women to risk their lives and take over the strike. Along the way, she discovers true friendship, a sense of purpose, and love. Welcome to Mocha Girls Read book club. Mocha Girls Read is a book club for Black women who love to read, want to read more and meet like-minded women. We are here to inspire women to read, share literature, fellowship, and encourage others in the joy of reading.
It is a tale of fierce family loyalty and of the grief that comes with severing the closest of ties. With the acute insight that distinguishes all great writers, Westover has crafted a universal coming-of-age story that gets to the heart of what an education is and what it offers: the perspective to see one's life through new eyes and the will to change it.
Looking forward to seeing you all there! If you don't finish the book, come anyway!! If you don't mind hearing about the end. Non-binary book club is a space to explore gender queer, gender fluid, and nonbinary gender identities. Book club will meet upstairs in the used book section. Michael Torres was born and brought up in Pomona, California where he spent his adolescence as a graffiti artist. Visit him at: michaeltorreswriter.
White Pine Press reading. Thomas R. Smith is an internationally published poet, essayist, editor,and teacher. He teaches poetry at the Loft Literary Center in Minneapolis and posts poems and essays on his website, www. Book launch: Trace. The reading starts at 4pm and will be followed by book signings and more mingling. These poems are breathtaking in their braided complexity, unwillingness to settle for two-dimensional revelation, and ability to face the abyss and sing, symphonically, into it.
Each door lets in a wild wind of longing, loss, gods, myths, war, and ragged humanity. We find ourselves in a museum maze with one entrance and one exit but that final exit, we do not want to take.
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Figg explores the stains of history both global and personal as well as the mythos of love to reveal the vestiges of light inherent in all. Her poems, essays, and reviews have been published in dozens of literary journals and in her chapbook, Hurry, Love.
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As a certified professional coach, she offers writing retreats and works remotely with writers and others. Reading with Timothy Faust. Single payer is the tool--health justice is the goal! In fact, the children manage to defeat the pirates and escape unharmed, once again indicating that they have their own agency in that they are clever and able to take care of themselves.
When there is a problem, they figure out a way to get out of it on their own. They do not rely on adults to solve their problems. In spite of all of the agency the children display during the Neverland scenes, I would argue that this film is adult centered. After being in the Neverland for a while, Wendy realizes that she does not belong there and chooses to return to the safety of her family. Even the Lost Boys desperately want a parental figure in their lives, and they end up returning home with Wendy and her brothers to live with their parents. Wendy has been interpellated by her parents after all.
She realizes that she wants her life that she left behind. The power that Wendy felt at the beginning of the film seemed repressive to her; however, it has become ideological. She now sees that her happiness lies in the role that her family has been trying to establish for her. In the end, all of the children have parents except one. And, all of the children seem happy except one — Peter Pan.
While it is odd to think of a film having both interpellation and agency, I am suggesting just that. However, I am also suggesting that there are two separate worlds in this film in which the two issues occur. Interpellation clearly occurs in the beginning of the film while the children are with their parents and Aunt Millicent.get link
They are taught how life should be and who they should be when they grow up. The Neverland world is a place where children have agency. It is clear to the adults and children in Neverland that children are to be taken seriously and treated as equals.
However, in the end, the children choose interpellation over agency and return to the nursery and their home with their parents. In this film, the children have been interpellated to believe that their role at home will be much more fulfilling and rewarding than the agency available to them by remaining children forever in Neverland. In closing, Peter Pan is a complicated film that displays agency and interpellation. While it displays both, the film is adult centered, as the children end up interpellated into the roles their families wished for them.
Resisting Interpellation: Beauty and the Beast. I wanted desperately to find my prince charming. I danced around to the songs, and I would have loved a castle filled with enchanted creatures, or a library filled with books up to the ceiling. Years later, after watching the same story unfold, I can honestly say that Belle could be a role model for me in the way she lived her life.
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Her personality is one of strength, open-mindedness, and abundant love. Throughout her story, Belle is faced with opposition and obstacles that push her to define and think about who she is. A major way of society interpellating a person is by shunning the marriage or union between people with huge differences.
Society applauds when the normal path is taken, whether it is a marriage between a man and woman, or the relationship between two people of the same race. Belle, a human, and the Beast, a human enslaved in a beast-like body, are blinded to reality by their love.
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In the garden playing with birds, the Beast and Belle come to realize that they care for each other, despite the hesitations that first accompanied their situation. This movie also expresses distaste for interpellation in the sense that it expresses the acceptance of things not of the norm. It basically says that you do not have to settle for the town football hero, just because you are the cheerleader. Instead, you can hold out, find a person with whom your souls connect, and live happily ever after.
For example, when the Beast releases Belle as his prisoner, he gives her the freedom to truly love him. It is only through this relinquishing, that Belle can understand her true feelings. By naming a person, the parent is predetermining their child to answer and identify with that name. The name Belle translates to beautiful or beauty from the French language. Bell though, almost seems unaware of her good looks. For example, while Belle walks through town, her head buried in a story, she is oblivious to all the commotion she is bringing about.
The rose, while beautiful and seemingly fragile, has managed to live for ten years. While it is enchanted, the rose must still be protected, and is held in high regard. Belle, similarly, is beautiful and dainty, but strong. She earns respect through her decisions, and does not need to be taken care of. She is strong enough to find her father, strong enough to give her life for his, and strong enough to stand up to the Beast. Belle also questions the interpellated messages she receives from the general public. Belle breaks these traditions in numerous ways.
She also does not try to hide the fact that she loves to read. She sat on a fountain, in the middle of the town, and sang about her love of books.